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Revision as of 15:19, 13 May 2019

Naming Schemes

What do you use?

A good naming scheme is scalable, unique, and easy to remember. The purpose of these naming schemes is to name networked servers, wireless access points or client computers, but it can also be used to name projects, products, variables, streets, pets, kids, or any other project where unique names and rememberable names are required.

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Operating Systems

  • GNU/Linux
  • GNU HURD
  • Microware OS-9
  • Solaris
  • SunOS
  • HP-UX
  • AIX
  • OpenVMS
  • Mac OS
  • MINIX
  • FreeBSD
  • NetBSD
  • OpenBSD
  • DragonFly
  • Plan 9
  • FreeDOS
  • Caldera OpenDOS
  • Novell DOS
  • DR-DOS
  • PC-DOS
  • BeOS
  • QNX
  • AROS
  • OS/2
  • AtheOS
  • SkyOS
  • Syllable
  • Visopsys
  • ReactOS
  • Menuet
  • AmigaOS
  • AmigaDOS
  • IRIX
  • SINIX
  • BSD/OS
  • Ultrix
  • TRS-DOS (TRS-80)
  • ProDOS (Apple ][e)
  • DOS3.3 (Apple ][)
  • CP/M (as used prior to the IBM PC - ie KayPro, Osborne)
  • Unix
  • Multics
  • OS/360
  • MVS
  • RiscOS
  • NeXTStep
  • Microsoft DOS

List of Windows operating systems

Personal computer versions

In this section, a client version of Windows is a version that end-users or OEMs can install on personal computers, including desktop computers, laptops and workstations.

Name Version Release date Codename Additional information Editions Latest build Unsupported as of
Windows 1.0x
Windows 1.01 1.01 November 20, 1985 Interface Manager First public release of Windows N/A N/A December 31, 2001
Windows 1.02 1.02 May 14, 1986
Windows 1.03 1.03 August 21, 1986
Windows 1.04 1.04 April 10, 1987
Windows 2.0x
Windows 2.01 2.01 December 9, 1987
  • Windows/286
  • Windows/386
N/A December 31, 2001
Windows 2.03 2.03
Windows 2.1x
Windows 2.1 2.1 May 27, 1988
  • Windows/286
  • Windows/386
N/A December 31, 2001
Windows 2.11 2.11 March 13, 1989
Windows 3.0x
Windows 3.00 3.00 May 22, 1990 N/A N/A December 31, 2001
Windows 3.00a MME 3.00a October 20, 1991 Sometimes called Windows Graphical Environment with Multimedia Extensions 1.0
Windows 3.1x
Windows 3.1 3.1 April 6, 1992 N/A 103 December 31, 2001
Windows for Workgroups 3.1 3.1 October 1992 Kato, Sparta
Windows 3.11 3.11 November 8, 1993 300
Windows for Workgroups 3.11 3.11 August 11, 1993 Snowball
Windows 3.2 3.2 November 22, 1993 Chinese version of Windows 3.1x 153
Windows 9x
Windows 95 4.0 August 24, 1995 Chicago
  • Windows 95
  • Windows 95 Service Pack 1/OEM Service Release 1 (February 14, 1996)
  • Windows 95 OEM Service Release 2 (August 24, 1996)
  • Windows 95 USB Supplement to OEM Service Release 2 (August 27, 1997)
  • Windows 95 OEM Service Release 2.1 (August 27, 1997)
  • Windows 95 OEM Service Release 2.5 (November 26, 1997)
950 December 31, 2001
Cancelled 4.1 N/A Cleveland, Nashville N/A N/A
Windows 98 June 21, 1998 Memphis N/A 1998 July 11, 2006
Windows 98 Second Edition April 23, 1999 N/A 2222A
Windows Me 4.9 September 14, 2000 Millennium N/A 3000
Windows NT
Windows NT 3.1 NT 3.1 July 27, 1993 Razzle
  • Windows NT 3.1 Workstation
528 (SP3) December 31, 2001
Windows NT 3.5 NT 3.5 September 21, 1994 Daytona
  • Windows NT 3.5 Workstation
807
Windows NT 3.51 NT 3.51 May 30, 1995
  • Windows NT 3.51 Workstation
1057.6 (SP5)
Windows NT 4.0 NT 4.0 August 24, 1996 Shell Update Release
  • Windows NT 4.0 Workstation
1381.7097 (SP6a) December 3, 2004
Windows 2000 NT 5.0 February 17, 2000
  • Windows 2000 Professional
2195.6717 (SP4) July 13, 2010
Windows XP NT 5.1 October 25, 2001 Whistler
  • Windows XP Starter Edition
  • Windows XP Home Edition
  • Windows XP Professional
  • Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs (July 8, 2006)
2600.5512 (SP3) April 8, 2014
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition NT 5.2 April 25, 2005 N/A 3790.3959 (SP2) April 8, 2014
Windows Vista NT 6.0 January 30, 2007 Longhorn
  • Windows Vista Starter
  • Windows Vista Home Basic
  • Windows Vista Home Premium
  • Windows Vista Business
  • Windows Vista Enterprise
  • Windows Vista Ultimate
6002 (SP2) April 11, 2017
Windows 7 NT 6.1 October 22, 2009 Windows 7
  • Windows 7 Starter
  • Windows 7 Home Basic
  • Windows 7 Home Premium
  • Windows 7 Professional
  • Windows 7 Enterprise
  • Windows 7 Ultimate
  • Windows Thin PC
7601 (SP1) January 14, 2020
Windows 8 NT 6.2 October 26, 2012 Windows 8
  • Windows 8
  • Windows 8 Pro
  • Windows 8 Enterprise
9200 January 10, 2023
Windows 8.1 NT 6.3 October 17, 2013 Blue
  • Windows 8.1
  • Windows 8.1 Pro
  • Windows 8.1 Enterprise
  • Windows 8.1 with Bing
9600
Windows 10 NT 10.0 July 29, 2015 (1507)
November 10, 2015 (1511)
August 2, 2016 (1607)
April 5, 2017 (1703)
October 17, 2017 (1709)
April 30, 2018 (1803)
November 13, 2018 (1809)
May 21, 2019 (1903)
November 12, 2019 (1909)
May 27, 2020 (2004)
Threshold (1507)
Threshold 2 (1511)
Redstone (1607)
Redstone 2 (1709)
Redstone 3 (1709)
Redstone 4 (1803)
Redstone 5 (1809)
19H1 (1903)
19H2 (1909)
20H1 (2004)
20H2 (20H2)
21H1 (21H1)
  • Windows 10 Home
  • Windows 10 Pro
  • Windows 10 Pro Education
  • Windows 10 Pro for Workstations
  • Windows 10 Enterprise
  • Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC (formerly LTSB)
  • Windows 10 Education
  • Windows 10 IoT Core
  • Windows 10 IoT Enterprise
  • Windows 10 S (now an operational mode within Enterprise and Education)
10240 (1507)
10586 (1511)
14393 (1607)
15063 (1703)
16299 (1709)
17134 (1803)
17763 (1809)
18362.116 (1903)
18363.418 (1909)
19041.208 (2004)
October 14, 2025

Server versions

Name Version Release date Codename Additional information Editions Latest build Unsupported as of
Windows NT 3.1 NT 3.1 July 27, 1993 Razzle
  • Windows NT 3.1 Advanced Server
528 (SP3) December 31, 2001
Windows NT 3.5 NT 3.5 September 20, 1994 Daytona
  • Windows NT 3.5 Server
807
Windows NT 3.51 NT 3.51 May 29, 1995
  • Windows NT 3.51 Server
1057.6 (SP5)
Windows NT 4.0 NT 4.0 July 29, 1996 Shell Update Release
  • Windows NT 4.0 Server
  • Windows NT 4.0 Enterprise Server
  • Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server
1381.7097 (SP6a) December 3, 2004
Windows 2000 Server NT 5.0 February 17, 2000
  • Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
2195.6717 (SP4) July 13, 2010
Windows Server 2003 NT 5.2 April 24, 2003 Whistler Server
  • Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition
  • Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition
  • Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition
  • Windows Server 2003, Web Edition
  • Windows Storage Server 2003
  • Windows Small Business Server 2003
3790.3959 (SP2) July 14, 2015
Windows Server 2003 R2 NT 5.2 December 6, 2005 An updated version of Windows Server 2003.
  • Windows Server 2003 R2, Standard Edition
  • Windows Server 2003 R2, Enterprise Edition
  • Windows Server 2003 R2, Datacenter Edition
  • Windows Storage Server 2003 R2
  • Windows Small Business Server 2003 R2
  • Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003
3790.2075
Windows Server 2008 NT 6.0 February 27, 2008 Longhorn Server A server counterpart of Windows Vista.
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Foundation
  • Windows Essential Business Server 2008
  • Windows HPC Server 2008
  • Windows Small Business Server 2008
  • Windows Storage Server 2008
  • Windows Server 2008 Web
6003 (SP2) January 14, 2020
Windows Server 2008 R2 NT 6.1 October 22, 2009 Server 7
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Web
  • Windows Storage Server 2008 R2
  • Windows HPC Server 2008 R2
  • Windows Small Business Server 2011
  • Windows Home Server 2011
  • Windows MultiPoint Server 2010
  • Windows MultiPoint Server 2011
7601 (SP1)
Windows Server 2012 NT 6.2 September 4, 2012 Server 8
  • Windows Server 2012 Foundation
  • Windows Server 2012 Essentials
  • Windows Server 2012 Standard
  • Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
  • Windows MultiPoint Server 2012
9200 October 10, 2023
Windows Server 2012 R2 NT 6.3 October 17, 2013 Server Blue
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Foundation
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
9600
Windows Server 2016 NT 10.0 October 12, 2016 Threshold
  • Windows Server 2016 Essentials
  • Windows Server 2016 Standard
  • Windows Server 2016 Datacenter
14393 January 12, 2027
Windows Server 2019 November 13, 2018 Redstone 5
  • Windows Server 2019 Essentials
  • Windows Server 2019 Standard
  • Windows Server 2019 Datacenter
17763 January 9, 2029

Device versions

Appliances

Name Version Release date Codename An edition of Additional information Sold with
Windows XP Media Center Edition NT 5.1 2002, 2004, 2005 Freestyle (2002)
Harmony (2004)
Symphony (2005)
Windows XP Home theater PCs, network attached storage (NAS) and set-top boxes
Windows XP Tablet PC Edition November 2002, August 2004 Mira (2002)
Lonestar (2005)
Microsoft Tablet PC
Windows RT NT 6.2 October 26, 2012 Windows on ARM Windows 8 ARM-based tablet computers
Windows RT 8.1 NT 6.3 October 18, 2013 RT Blue Windows 8.1

Mobile devices

Mobile devices include smartphones, handheld tablet computers, and personal digital assistants

  • Windows 10
    • Windows 10 Mobile
    • Windows 10 Mobile Enterprise
    • Windows 10 IoT Mobile
    • Windows 10 IoT Mobile Enterprise
  • Windows Phone
    • Windows Phone 8.1
    • Windows Phone 8
    • Windows Phone 7.8
    • Windows Phone 7.5
    • Windows Phone 7
  • Windows Mobile
    • Windows Mobile 6.5
    • Windows Mobile 6.1
    • Windows Mobile 6.0
    • Windows Mobile 5.0
    • Windows Mobile 2003 Second Edition
    • Windows Mobile 2003
    • Pocket PC 2002
    • Pocket PC 2000

Embedded devices

  • Windows Embedded
    • Windows Embedded 8.1
    • Windows Embedded 8
    • Windows Embedded 7
    • Windows Embedded Automotive
    • Windows Embedded Industry
    • Windows Embedded 2009
    • Windows XP Embedded
    • Windows NT 4.0 Embedded – Abbreviated NTe, it is an edition of Windows NT 4.0 that was aimed at computer-powered major appliances, vending machines, ATMs and other devices that cannot be considered computers per se. It is the same system as the standard Windows NT 4.0, but it comes packaged in a database of components and dependencies, from which a developer can choose individual components to build customized setup CDs and hard disk boot images. Windows NT 4.0 Embedded includes Service Pack 5.
  • Windows Embedded Compact
    • Windows Embedded Compact 2013
    • Windows Embedded Compact 7
    • Windows Embedded CE 6.0 (2006)
    • Windows CE 5.0 (2005), with a version for smartphones and PDAs sold as Windows Mobile 5.0
    • Windows CE 4.2 (2004), with a version for smartphones and PDAs sold as Windows Mobile 2003 SE
    • Windows CE 4.1 (2003), with a version for smartphones and PDAs sold as Windows Mobile 2003
    • Windows CE 4.0 (2002), with a version for smartphones and PDAs sold as Pocket PC 2002
    • Windows CE 3.0 (June 2000), with a version for smartphones and PDAs sold as Pocket PC 2000
    • Windows CE 2.12 (August 1999)
    • Windows CE 2.11 (October 1998)
    • Windows CE 2.1 (July 1998)
    • Windows CE 2.0 (September 1997)
    • Windows CE 1.0 (November 1996)

Dual screen devices

  • Windows 10X

Cancelled versions

  • Windows Mobile 7 or Photon - originally a successor of Windows Mobile, it had been scrapped for Windows Phone 7 with Metro UI.
  • Microsoft Neptune (December 27, 1999) – the first planned version of Microsoft Windows NT to have a consumer edition variant, based on the Windows 2000 codebase. A version was sent out to testers but was never released.
  • Microsoft Cairo (February 29, 1996) – a "true object-oriented OS", planned after Windows NT 4.0.
  • Microsoft Midori (2003) – codename for a managed code operating system.

Windows codenames

Windows 3.1x/9x

Codename Preliminary name Final name Notes
Kato (Winball), Sparta (Jastro) Windows for Workgroups 3.1
Snowball (LB) Windows for Workgroups 3.11
Chicago Windows 95
O'Hare Internet Explorer, first shipped in Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95 O'Hare is the main airport for the city of Chicago.
Frosting Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95
Detroit Windows 95 OEM Service Release 2
Nashville Internet Explorer 4 Cancelled Windows version
Memphis Windows 98 The codename was the key to activating an easter egg in Windows 98:
  • open the "Date and Time" control panel;
  • go to the "Timezone" page;
  • hold the Control key and drag a line with the mouse cursor from Memphis, Egypt (or maybe Cairo - the map is too small to tell) to Memphis, Tennessee. Still holding the Control key, drag another line from Memphis to Redmond, Washington;
  • a window opens with the credits for Windows 98.
Millennium Windows Me Me stands for Millennium Edition

Windows NT family

Codename Preliminary name Final name Notes
NT OS/2, OS/2 3.0, Portable OS/2, NTOS, Razzle Windows NT 3.1
Daytona Windows NT 3.5
Cairo N/A Never released.
SUR (Shell Update Release) Windows NT 4.0 Microsoft originally planned for NT 4.0 to be just a simple "Shell Update Release" to integrate the Windows 95 GUI with Windows 3.51's kernel.
Wolfpack Microsoft Cluster Server
Hydra Terminal Services, Terminal Server Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server Terminal Server adds "multithreading" support to Windows (the ability to run multiple instances of the graphics subsystem), and the Lernaean Hydra is a mythological monster with multiple heads.
Impala Windows NT 4.0 Embedded
Memphis NT Windows NT 5.0 Windows 2000
Asteroid Windows 2000 Service Pack 1
Janus N/A Planned 64-bit variant of Windows 2000.
Neptune N/A Ideas project, merged to Whistler.
Whistler Windows XP Merge of Neptune and Odyssey. Named after Whistler, British Columbia, where design retreats were held.
Odyssey N/A Ideas project, merged to Whistler.
Anvil Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
Mira Windows XP Tablet PC Edition
Lonestar Windows XP Tablet PC Edition 2005
Triton N/A
Mantis Windows XP Embedded
Creekside Windows XP Starter
Trident Windows XP Media Center Edition
eHome Windows Media Center
Freestyle Windows XP Media Center Edition 2002 Name of a terrain rating system in the Whistler-Blackcomb resort.
Harmony Windows XP Media Center Edition 2004 Name of a ski lift and alpine bowl in Whistler, British Columbia.
Symphony Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 Name of an alpine bowl in Whistler, British Columbia.
Emerald Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 Update Rollup Name of a ski lift in Whistler, British Columbia.
Trainyard Windows XP Service Pack 1 Trainyard was an engineering package of driver updates to ship simultaneously with Windows XP Service Pack 1, the most major of which was support for USB 2.0 which was also ported backwards to Windows 2000.
Springboard Windows XP Service Pack 2 Name of a ski run on Blackcomb in Whistler, British Columbia.
Whistler Server, Windows 2002 Server, Windows .NET Server, Windows .NET Server 2003 Windows Server 2003
Bobcat Windows Small Business Server 2003 Bobcat is a ski-run on Whistler Mountain.
Eiger Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs A low-end version of Windows XP that is intended to be a thin-client that works with older hardware. Available through the Microsoft Software Assurance program. The Eiger is a mountain in the Bernese Oberland in Switzerland. The Eiger is part of a trio of mountains, The Eiger, The Mönch and The Jungfrau.
Crossbow Windows Mobile 6.0
Longhorn Windows Vista Named after the Longhorn Bar in the Whistler-Blackcomb resort; initially planned as an "interim release" between "Whistler" and "Blackcomb" (which is now "Vienna"). Reset in 2004 due to development issues.
Cougar Windows Small Business Server 2008 Cougar is a ski-run on Whistler Mountain.
Q, Quattro Windows Home Server Announced at CES 2007. Original project codename was "Quattro" because it was the leader of the project's 4th attempt at building a home server at Microsoft. Renamed to Q once the project moved out of incubation stage.
Windows 7 Windows 7 "Windows 7" was the original project codename. It was decided that this must be kept.
Windows Server 7 Windows Server 2008 R2 In development. Planned "mid-size" (25-500 PC) edition of Longhorn Server.[1].
Vail Windows Home Server 2011
Windows 8 Windows 8
Server 8 Windows Server 2012
Metro Windows 8 Style UI Renamed from Metro because of legal issues involving the German Metro company.
Jupiter Windows RT Windows 8 application framework.
Blue Windows 8.1
Server Blue Windows Server 2012 R2
Threshold Windows 10
Threshold 2 Windows 10 November Update
Threshold Server Windows Server 2016
Redstone Windows 10 Anniversary Update Redstone is a mineral and item in Minecraft, a game product by Mojang and Microsoft bought it in 2015
Redstone 2 Windows 10 Creators Update
Redstone 3 Windows 10 Fall Creators Update
Redstone 3 Server Windows Server version 1709
Redstone 4 Windows 10 Spring Creators Update Windows 10 April 2018 Update
Redstone 4 Server Windows Server version 1803
Redstone 5 Windows 10 October 2018 Update
Redstone 5 Server Windows Server 2019, Windows Server version 1809
19H1 Windows 10 19H1 Windows 10 May 2019 Update
Server 19H1 Windows Server version 1903
19H2, Vanadium Windows 10 19H2 Windows 10 version 1909
Server 19H2, Server Vanadium Windows Server 19H2 Windows Server version 1909
20H1, Vibranium Windows 10 20H1 Windows 10 version 2004
Server 20H1, Server Vibranium Windows Server 20H1 Windows Server version 2004
20H2, Magnanese (insider preview only) Windows 10 20H2
Server 20H2 (insider preview only) Windows Server 20H2
Iron Windows 10 Iron
Server Iron Windows Server Iron

Other

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

By category
Biology
Fantasy
Religion
Server Types
TV

By Number


A good naming scheme should be scalable, but there could be times when a fixed number of machines are only ever going to be used. These are dedicated to those machines.

2

3

4

5

6

7

9

10

12

15

24

26

27

39

66

72

118

By Letter

#

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

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