Periodic Table of Elements

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List[edit]

Atomic Number Symbol (chemistry) Chemical Element Origin Of Name Group (periodic table) Period (periodic table) Atomic Weight
Atomic Mass Unit _ Uncertainty
Density
(g/cm3)
Melting Point
(K)
Boiling Point
(K)
Specific Heat Capacity
(J/g·K)
Electronegativity Abundance in Earth's crust
(mg/kg)
1 style="background:Template:Element color" | H Hydrogen the Greek 'hydro' and 'genes' meaning water-forming 1 1 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref Template:Ref Template:Ref 0.00008988 14.01 20.28 14.304 2.20 1400
2 style="background:Template:Element color" | He Helium the Greek 'helios' meaning sun 18 1 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref 0.0001785 0.95Template:Ref 4.22 5.193 0.008
3 style="background:Template:Element color" | Li Lithium the Greek 'lithos' meaning stone 1 2 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref Template:Ref Template:Ref Template:Ref 0.534 453.69 1560 3.582 0.98 20
4 style="background:Template:Element color" | Be Beryllium the Greek name for beryl, 'beryllo' 2 2 Template:Sort 1.85 1560 2742 1.825 1.57 2.8
5 style="background:Template:Element color" | B Boron the Arabic 'buraq', which was the name for borax 13 2 Template:Sort Template:Ref 2.34 2349 4200 1.026 2.04 10
6 style="background:Template:Element color" | C Carbon the Latin 'carbo', meaning charcoal 14 2 Template:Sort Template:Ref 2.267 3800 4300 0.709 2.55 200
7 style="background:Template:Element color" | N Nitrogen the Greek 'nitron' and 'genes' meaning nitre-forming 15 2 Template:Sort Template:Ref 0.0012506 63.15 77.36 1.04 3.04 19
8 style="background:Template:Element color" | O Oxygen the Greek 'oxy' and 'genes' meaning acid-forming 16 2 Template:Sort Template:Ref 0.001429 54.36 90.20 0.918 3.44 461000
9 style="background:Template:Element color" | F Fluorine the Latin 'fluere', meaning to flow 17 2 Template:Sort 0.001696 53.53 85.03 0.824 3.98 585
10 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ne Neon the Greek 'neos', meaning new 18 2 Template:Sort 0.0008999 24.56 27.07 1.03 0.005
11 style="background:Template:Element color" | Na Sodium the English word soda (natrium in Latin)<ref name=innvista>[1]</ref> 1 3 Template:Sort 0.971 370.87 1156 1.228 0.93 23600
12 style="background:Template:Element color" | Mg Magnesium Magnesia, a district of Eastern Thessaly in Greece 2 3 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 1.738 923 1363 1.023 1.31 23300
13 style="background:Template:Element color" | Al Aluminium the Latin name for alum, 'alumen' meaning bitter salt 13 3 Template:Sort 2.698 933.47<ref name=autm/> 2792 0.897 1.61 82300
14 style="background:Template:Element color" | Si Silicon the Latin 'silex' or 'silicis', meaning flint 14 3 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref 2.3296 1687 3538 0.705 1.9 282000
15 style="background:Template:Element color" | P Phosphorus the Greek 'phosphoros', meaning bringer of light 15 3 Template:Sort 1.82 317.30 550 0.769 2.19 1050
16 style="background:Template:Element color" | S Sulfur Either from the Sanskrit 'sulvere', or the Latin 'sulfurium', both names for sulfur<ref name=innvista/> 16 3 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref Template:Ref 2.067 388.36 717.87 0.71 2.58 350
17 style="background:Template:Element color" | Cl Chlorine the Greek 'chloros', meaning greenish yellow 17 3 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref Template:Ref Template:Ref 0.003214 171.6 239.11 0.479 3.16 145
18 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ar Argon the Greek, 'argos', meaning idle 18 3 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref 0.0017837 83.80 87.30 0.52 3.5
19 style="background:Template:Element color" | K Potassium the English word potash (kalium in Latin)<ref name=innvista/> 1 4 Template:Sort 0.862 336.53 1032 0.757 0.82 20900
20 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ca Calcium the Latin 'calx' meaning lime 2 4 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 1.54 1115 1757 0.647 1 41500
21 style="background:Template:Element color" | Sc Scandium Scandinavia (with the Latin name Scandia) 3 4 Template:Sort 2.989 1814 3109 0.568 1.36 22
22 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ti Titanium Titans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology 4 4 Template:Sort 4.54 1941 3560 0.523 1.54 5650
23 style="background:Template:Element color" | V Vanadium Vanadis, an old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja 5 4 Template:Sort 6.11 2183 3680 0.489 1.63 120
24 style="background:Template:Element color" | Cr Chromium the Greek 'chroma', meaning colour 6 4 Template:Sort 7.15 2180 2944 0.449 1.66 102
25 style="background:Template:Element color" | Mn Manganese Either the Latin 'magnes', meaning magnet or from the black magnesium oxide, 'magnesia nigra' 7 4 Template:Sort 7.44 1519 2334 0.479 1.55 950
26 style="background:Template:Element color" | Fe Iron the Anglo-Saxon name iren (ferrum in Latin) 8 4 Template:Sort 7.874 1811 3134 0.449 1.83 56300
27 style="background:Template:Element color" | Co Cobalt the German word 'kobald', meaning goblin 9 4 Template:Sort 8.86 1768 3200 0.421 1.88 25
28 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ni Nickel the shortened of the German 'kupfernickel' meaning either devil's copper or St. Nicholas's copper 10 4 Template:Sort 8.912 1728 3186 0.444 1.91 84
29 style="background:Template:Element color" | Cu Copper the Old English name coper in turn derived from the Latin 'Cyprium aes', meaning a metal from Cyprus 11 4 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 8.96 1357.77<ref name=autm/> 2835 0.385 1.9 60
30 style="background:Template:Element color" | Zn Zinc the German, 'zinc', which may in turn be derived from the Persian word 'sing', meaning stone 12 4 Template:Sort 7.134 692.88 1180 0.388 1.65 70
31 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ga Gallium France (with the Latin name Gallia) 13 4 Template:Sort 5.907 302.9146 2477 0.371 1.81 19
32 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ge Germanium Germany (with the Latin name Germania) 14 4 Template:Sort 5.323 1211.40 3106 0.32 2.01 1.5
33 style="background:Template:Element color" | As Arsenic the Greek name 'arsenikon' for the yellow pigment orpiment 15 4 Template:Sort 5.776 Template:Sort 887 0.329 2.18 1.8
34 style="background:Template:Element color" | Se Selenium Moon (with the Greek name selene) 16 4 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 4.809 453 958 0.321 2.55 0.05
35 style="background:Template:Element color" | Br Bromine the Greek 'bromos' meaning stench 17 4 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 3.122 265.8 332.0 0.474 2.96 2.4
36 style="background:Template:Element color" | Kr Krypton the Greek 'kryptos', meaning hidden 18 4 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref 0.003733 115.79 119.93 0.248 3 Template:Sort
37 style="background:Template:Element color" | Rb Rubidium the Latin 'rubidius', meaning deepest red 1 5 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 1.532 312.46 961 0.363 0.82 90
38 style="background:Template:Element color" | Sr Strontium Strontian, a small town in Scotland 2 5 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref 2.64 1050 1655 0.301 0.95 370
39 style="background:Template:Element color" | Y Yttrium Ytterby, Sweden 3 5 Template:Sort 4.469 1799 3609 0.298 1.22 33
40 style="background:Template:Element color" | Zr Zirconium the Persian 'zargun', meaning gold coloured 4 5 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 6.506 2128 4682 0.278 1.33 165
41 style="background:Template:Element color" | Nb Niobium Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology 5 5 Template:Sort 8.57 2750 5017 0.265 1.6 20
42 style="background:Template:Element color" | Mo Molybdenum the Greek 'molybdos' meaning lead 6 5 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 10.22 2896 4912 0.251 2.16 1.2
43 style="background:Template:Element color" | Tc Technetium the Greek 'tekhnetos' meaning artificial 7 5 Template:Sort 11.5 2430 4538 1.9 Template:Sort
44 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ru Ruthenium Russia (with the Latin name Ruthenia) 8 5 101.07(2)Template:Ref 12.37 2607 4423 0.238 2.2 0.001
45 style="background:Template:Element color" | Rh Rhodium the Greek 'rhodon', meaning rose coloured 9 5 102.90550(2) 12.41 2237 3968 0.243 2.28 0.001
46 style="background:Template:Element color" | Pd Palladium the then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time 10 5 106.42(1)Template:Ref 12.02 1828.05 3236 0.244 2.2 0.015
47 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ag Silver the Anglo-Saxon name siolfur (argentum in Latin)<ref name=innvista/> 11 5 107.8682(2)Template:Ref 10.501 1234.93<ref name=autm/> 2435 0.235 1.93 0.075
48 style="background:Template:Element color" | Cd Cadmium the Latin name for the mineral calmine, 'cadmia' 12 5 112.411(8)Template:Ref 8.69 594.22 1040 0.232 1.69 0.159
49 style="background:Template:Element color" | In Indium the Latin 'indicium', meaning violet or indigo 13 5 114.818(1) 7.31 429.75 2345 0.233 1.78 0.25
50 style="background:Template:Element color" | Sn Tin the Anglo-Saxon word tin (stannum in Latin, meaning hard) 14 5 118.710(7)Template:Ref 7.287 505.08 2875 0.228 1.96 2.3
51 style="background:Template:Element color" | Sb Antimony the Greek 'anti – monos', meaning not alone (stibium in Latin) 15 5 121.760(1)Template:Ref 6.685 903.78 1860 0.207 2.05 0.2
52 style="background:Template:Element color" | Te Tellurium Earth, the third planet in the solar system (with the Latin word tellus) 16 5 127.60(3)Template:Ref 6.232 722.66 1261 0.202 2.1 0.001
53 style="background:Template:Element color" | I Iodine the Greek 'iodes' meaning violet 17 5 126.90447(3) 4.93 386.85 457.4 0.214 2.66 0.45
54 style="background:Template:Element color" | Xe Xenon the Greek 'xenos' meaning stranger 18 5 131.293(6)Template:Ref Template:Ref 0.005887 161.4 165.03 0.158 2.6 Template:Sort
55 style="background:Template:Element color" | Cs Caesium the Latin 'caesius', meaning sky blue 1 6 132.9054519(2) 1.873 301.59 944 0.242 0.79 3
56 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ba Barium the Greek 'barys', meaning heavy 2 6 137.327(7) 3.594 1000 2170 0.204 0.89 425
57 style="background:Template:Element color" | La Lanthanum the Greek 'lanthanein', meaning to lie hidden 6 138.90547(7)Template:Ref 6.145 1193 3737 0.195 1.1 39
58 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ce Cerium the then recently discovered asteroid Ceres, considered a planet at the time 6 140.116(1)Template:Ref 6.77 1068 3716 0.192 1.12 66.5
59 style="background:Template:Element color" | Pr Praseodymium the Greek 'prasinos didymos' meaning green twin 6 140.90765(2) 6.773 1208 3793 0.193 1.13 9.2
60 style="background:Template:Element color" | Nd Neodymium the Greek 'neos didymos' meaning new twin 6 144.242(3)Template:Ref 7.007 1297 3347 0.19 1.14 41.5
61 style="background:Template:Element color" | Pm Promethium Prometheus of Greek mythology who stole fire from the Gods and gave it to humans 6 Template:Sort 7.26 1315 3273 1.13 Template:Sort
62 style="background:Template:Element color" | Sm Samarium Samarskite, the name of the mineral from which it was first isolated 6 150.36(2)Template:Ref 7.52 1345 2067 0.197 1.17 7.05
63 style="background:Template:Element color" | Eu Europium Europe 6 151.964(1)Template:Ref 5.243 1099 1802 0.182 1.2 2
64 style="background:Template:Element color" | Gd Gadolinium Johan Gadolin, chemist, physicist and mineralogist 6 157.25(3)Template:Ref 7.895 1585 3546 0.236 1.2 6.2
65 style="background:Template:Element color" | Tb Terbium Ytterby, Sweden 6 158.92535(2) 8.229 1629 3503 0.182 1.2 1.2
66 style="background:Template:Element color" | Dy Dysprosium the Greek 'dysprositos', meaning hard to get 6 162.500(1)Template:Ref 8.55 1680 2840 0.17 1.22 5.2
67 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ho Holmium Stockholm, Sweden (with the Latin name Holmia) 6 164.93032(2) 8.795 1734 2993 0.165 1.23 1.3
68 style="background:Template:Element color" | Er Erbium Ytterby, Sweden 6 167.259(3)Template:Ref 9.066 1802 3141 0.168 1.24 3.5
69 style="background:Template:Element color" | Tm Thulium Thule, the ancient name for Scandinavia 6 168.93421(2) 9.321 1818 2223 0.16 1.25 0.52
70 style="background:Template:Element color" | Yb Ytterbium Ytterby, Sweden 6 173.054(5)Template:Ref 6.965 1097 1469 0.155 1.1 3.2
71 style="background:Template:Element color" | Lu Lutetium Paris, France (with the Roman name Lutetia) 3 6 174.9668(1)Template:Ref 9.84 1925 3675 0.154 1.27 0.8
72 style="background:Template:Element color" | Hf Hafnium Copenhagen, Denmark (with the Latin name Hafnia) 4 6 178.49(2) 13.31 2506 4876 0.144 1.3 3
73 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ta Tantalum King Tantalus, father of Niobe from Greek mythology 5 6 180.94788(2) 16.654 3290 5731 0.14 1.5 2
74 style="background:Template:Element color" | W Tungsten the Swedish 'tung sten' meaning heavy stone (W is wolfram, the old name of the tungsten mineral wolframite)<ref name=innvista/> 6 6 183.84(1) 19.25 3695 5828 0.132 2.36 1.3
75 style="background:Template:Element color" | Re Rhenium Rhine, a river that flows from Grisons in the eastern Swiss Alps to the North Sea coast in the Netherlands (with the Latin name Rhenia) 7 6 186.207(1) 21.02 3459 5869 0.137 1.9 Template:Sort
76 style="background:Template:Element color" | Os Osmium the Greek 'osme', meaning smell 8 6 190.23(3)Template:Ref 22.61 3306 5285 0.13 2.2 0.002
77 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ir Iridium Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow 9 6 192.217(3) 22.56 2719 4701 0.131 2.2 0.001
78 style="background:Template:Element color" | Pt Platinum the Spanish 'platina', meaning little silver 10 6 195.084(9) 21.46 2041.4<ref name=autm/> 4098 0.133 2.28 0.005
79 style="background:Template:Element color" | Au Gold the Anglo-Saxon word gold (aurum in Latin, meaning glow of sunrise)<ref name=innvista/> 11 6 196.966569(4) 19.282 1337.33<ref name=autm>Holman, Lawrence and Barr</ref> 3129 0.129 2.54 0.004
80 style="background:Template:Element color" | Hg Mercury Mercury, the first planet in the Solar System (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr- water and argyros silver) 12 6 200.592(3) 13.5336 234.43 629.88 0.14 2 0.085
81 style="background:Template:Element color" | Tl Thallium the Greek 'thallos', meaning a green twig 13 6 204.38Template:Ref 11.85 577 1746 0.129 1.62 0.85
82 style="background:Template:Element color" | Pb Lead the Anglo-Saxon lead (plumbum in Latin)<ref name=innvista/> 14 6 207.2(1)Template:Ref Template:Ref 11.342 600.61 2022 0.129 1.87 14
83 style="background:Template:Element color" | Bi Bismuth the German 'Bisemutum' a corruption of 'Weisse Masse' meaning white mass 15 6 208.98040(1)Template:Ref 9.807 544.7 1837 0.122 2.02 0.009
84 style="background:Template:Element color" | Po Polonium Poland, the native country of Marie Curie, who first isolated the element 16 6 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 9.32 527 1235 2.0 Template:Sort
85 style="background:Template:Element color" | At Astatine the Greek 'astatos', meaning unstable 17 6 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 7 575 610 2.2 Template:Sort
86 style="background:Template:Element color" | Rn Radon From radium, as it was first detected as an emission from radium during radioactive decay 18 6 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 0.00973 202 211.3 0.094 2.2 Template:Sort
87 style="background:Template:Element color" | Fr Francium France, where it was first discovered 1 7 Template:Sort 1.87 300 950 0.7 Template:Sort
88 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ra Radium the Latin 'radius', meaning ray 2 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 5.5 973 2010 0.094 0.9 Template:Sort
89 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ac Actinium the Greek 'actinos', meaning a ray 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 10.07 1323 3471 0.12 1.1 Template:Sort
90 style="background:Template:Element color" | Th Thorium Thor, the Scandinavian god of thunder 7 232.03806(2)Template:Ref Template:Ref 11.72 2115 5061 0.113 1.3 9.6
91 style="background:Template:Element color" | Pa Protactinium the Greek 'protos', meaning first, as a prefix to the element actinium, which is produced through the radioactive decay of protactinium 7 231.03588(2)Template:Ref 15.37 1841 4300 1.5 Template:Sort
92 style="background:Template:Element color" | U Uranium Uranus, the seventh planet in the Solar System 7 238.02891(3)Template:Ref 18.95 1405.3 4404 0.116 1.38 2.7
93 style="background:Template:Element color" | Np Neptunium Neptune, the eighth planet in the Solar System 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 20.45 917 4273 1.36 Template:Sort
94 style="background:Template:Element color" | Pu Plutonium Pluto, a dwarf planet in the Solar System 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 19.84 912.5 3501 1.28 Template:Sort
95 style="background:Template:Element color" | Am Americium Americas, the continent where the element was first synthesized 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 13.69 1449 2880 1.13 Template:Sort
96 style="background:Template:Element color" | Cm Curium Pierre Curie, a physicist, and Marie Curie, a physicist and chemist 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 13.51 1613 3383 1.28 Template:Sort
97 style="background:Template:Element color" | Bk Berkelium Berkeley, California, USA, where the element was first synthesized 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 14.79 1259 2900 1.3 Template:Sort
98 style="background:Template:Element color" | Cf Californium State of California, USA, where the element was first synthesized 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 15.1 1173 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 1.3 Template:Sort
99 style="background:Template:Element color" | Es Einsteinium Albert Einstein, physicist 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 8.84 1133 Template:SortTemplate:Ref 1.3 Template:Sort Template:Ref
100 style="background:Template:Element color" | Fm Fermium Enrico Fermi, physicist 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref 1.3 Template:Sort Template:Ref
101 style="background:Template:Element color" | Md Mendelevium Dmitri Mendeleyev, chemist and inventor 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref 1.3 Template:Sort Template:Ref
102 style="background:Template:Element color" | No Nobelium Alfred Nobel, chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref 1.3 Template:Sort Template:Ref
103 style="background:Template:Element color" | Lr Lawrencium Ernest O. Lawrence, physicist 3 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref 1.3 Template:Sort Template:Ref
104 style="background:Template:Element color" | Rf Rutherfordium Ernest Rutherford, chemist and physicist 4 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
105 style="background:Template:Element color" | Db Dubnium Dubna, Russia 5 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
106 style="background:Template:Element color" | Sg Seaborgium Glenn T. Seaborg, scientist 6 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
107 style="background:Template:Element color" | Bh Bohrium Niels Bohr, physicist 7 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
108 style="background:Template:Element color" | Hs Hassium Hesse, Germany, where the element was first synthesized 8 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
109 style="background:Template:Element color" | Mt Meitnerium Lise Meitner, physicist 9 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
110 style="background:Template:Element color" | Ds Darmstadtium Darmstadt, Germany, where the element was first synthesized 10 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
111 style="background:Template:Element color" | Rg Roentgenium Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, physicist 11 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
112 style="background:Template:Element color" | Cn Copernicium Nicolaus Copernicus, astronomer 12 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
113 style="background:Template:Element color" | Uut Ununtrium IUPAC systematic element name 13 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
114 style="background:Template:Element color" | Fl Flerovium Georgy Flyorov, physicist 14 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
115 style="background:Template:Element color" | Uup Ununpentium IUPAC systematic element name 15 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
116 style="background:Template:Element color" | Lv Livermorium Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (in Livermore, California) which collaborated with JINR on its synthesis 16 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
117 style="background:Template:Element color" | Uus Ununseptium IUPAC systematic element name 17 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
118 style="background:Template:Element color" | Uuo Ununoctium IUPAC systematic element name 18 7 Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:SortTemplate:Ref Template:Sort Template:Ref
9e99 ~z ~z 9e99 9e99 9e99 9e99 9e99 9e99 9e99 9e99 9e99

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